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Kerala history covers largely on the myths dealing with the geographical origin of Kerala. According to Hindu mythology, the land of Kerala was recovered from the sea by Parasurama, an avatar of Lord Vishnu. He threw his axe across the sea and the water receded as far as it reached and that formed the land Kerala.
Trade and Commerce
When we look into the Kerala History the other prime space goes to the trade links with various world economies from early 5000 BC. As per the available writings Kerala’s spice trade with much of the world was one of the main drivers of the world economy during 3000 BC. As per the available records Kerala exported ivory, sandalwood, peacocks and spices in exchange for goods such as Gold and Silver. The trade links made Kerala was visited by Jews, Phoenicians, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, Malayans, Filipinos, Javans, Dutch, French, British and people from other parts of India. This cross cultural association brought Christianity, Islam, Jainism and Buddhism to Kerala apart of the local religion Hinduism. Almost all of them have left their imprint on this land in some form or the other - architecture, cuisine, literature and religious beliefs.
Arrival of the Europeans marked the beginning of another era in the history of Kerala. In 1498, Vasco da Gama reached Kappad, near Kozhikode and thus the Portuguese established a stronghold in Kerala. Later it was followed by Dutch during the 17th centuary & British from mid 17th century. The British could withhold the stronghold until the Indian Independence in 1947. English missionaries played an important role in improving the living standard of the people in Kerala. During their period a number of educational institutions and hospitals were opened. Many railway lines, roads and bridges in Kerala were constructed by the British only.
Formation of Kerala State
After independence, the state of Kerala was created in 1st November, 1956 from the former state of Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district of Madras State, and the Kasaragod taluk of Dakshina Kannada.
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