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Kerala lies on the extreme south west coastline of the Indian peninsula with the Arabian Sea on the west, Indian Ocean to the south and the mountains of the Western Ghats on the east. The width of Kerala varies from 35 - 120 kms, while the coastal length is around 580 kms. Kerala has a distinct change in the topography and physical characteristics from east to west. And this terrain and physical difference divide the Kerala state into three different regions namely; Highland Region, Midland Plains/Central Region and the Coastal Region.

Highland Region:

The Highland Region encompasses Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, its deep valleys and meadows which are covered with flora & fauna. Almost all the rivers of the state originate here. Also this region is the main production house for tea & coffee and most of the spices like Cardamom, Black Pepper, vanilla etc… The average elevation of these region is about 1500 meters above sea level and occasionally soaring to 2000 to 2500 m at peaks. Aanamudi, the highest peak (elevation of 2,695 metres) in the Western Ghats in India is part of this region.

 


A view from Bodimettu


Midland Plains/Central Region:

Midland Plains or the Central Region has the specialty that hills are not very steep and the valleys are wide. Here most of the valleys have been developed as paddy fields and the elevated lands and hill slopes are converted into estates of rubber, fruit trees and other cash crops like pepper and tapioca.  

Midland Plains or the Central Region has the specialty that hills are not very steep and the valleys are wide. Here most of the valleys have been developed as paddy fields and the elevated lands and hill slopes are converted into estates of rubber, fruit trees and other cash crops like pepper and tapioca.  

 

Paddy Fields Kuttanad 


Lowland or Coastal Region:

The Lowland or Coastal Region is plain in nature. Extensive paddy fields, thick groves of coconut trees and beautiful backwaters, interconnected with canals and rivers, are the specialties  of this region.

 

Kumarakom Backwater

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